We’re still waiting for details on how the hack against the health care company Anthem occurred.

But there’s a classic approach behind many of the cyberattacks that make the news: An employee in the company gets an email with an attachment … opens it … malicious software in the message injects itself into the corporate network … and bam! The hackers are in — and can remotely control your servers, exfiltrate documents and more.

Across the cybersecurity industry, startups are trying to figure out how to solve this problem — and they’re developing some very different approaches.

Here, we take three companies working on the issue in different ways. To help dramatize those differences, it might be helpful to compare each to a movie or show you may have seen on TV.


By Aarti Shahani

Read more at NPR.